Embracing a digital future
Rockwell Automation’s Bill Sarver explains why digital must become the new normal for the automotive industry
Before COVID-19, the auto industry was already experiencing significant change resulting from increased demand for electric vehicles, a move toward personalisation, and the development of self-driving cars. Automakers must still meet these needs, only now they must do so in a post-pandemic world. One in which, how their employees do their jobs has changed, and where economic uncertainty has clouded demand.
So, how can automakers and their suppliers stay competitive amid these two challenges? How can they stay productive and agile to keep up with market demands, while adjusting their operations to the new realities of the pandemic?
They are embracing a digitalised manufacturing approach that brings higher visibility, greater flexibility, and new ways of working to automotive production.
The future is digital
Connected, digitalised operations have already helped the auto industry get through the pandemic. Remote connectivity has been essential to business continuity, allowing employees to work from home and provide critical services like roadside assistance. Advanced manufacturing technologies have also helped automakers quickly adjust their operations to produce direly needed personal protective equipment for caregivers and other front-line workers.
Moving forward, digital technology still has a role to play to support automakers as they cope with COVID-19. For example, as companies seek to limit the number of people in plants, remote access, and augmented reality (AR) tools can allow remote employees to connect with plant workers on training, operations and maintenance.
But digital technologies can also be critical to helping automakers evolve their business to keep up with market needs. Here are a few examples.
Building the lot-of-one
It’s no secret that automakers are moving to a future where consumers can go online and create more personalised vehicles. And COVID-19 may have accelerated the trend by pushing more automotive sales online.
But delivering the lot-of-one requires a new production strategy. One where information flows seamlessly from product and process design, to final assembly, and where products don’t come to equipment, but rather equipment comes to products. A key ingredient in a lot-of-one production strategy is a modern MES. It can seamlessly integrate with an automaker’s PLM system to create a manufacturing bill of process for each order, while also making sure that data can flow across their operations. Analytics can also optimise production in this new, multi-dimensional production environment by helping solve both known and unknown production problems.
"They [OEMs and tier suppliers] are embracing a digitalised manufacturing approach that brings higher visibility, greater flexibility, and new ways of working to automotive production’ – Bill Sarver, Rockwell Automation
Hybrid and all-electric vehicle production requires flexible and scalable operations. The updated operations can allow automakers to stay agile to ramp up production to meet demand and adjust their lines or processes to leverage new technology. What do flexible and scalable operations look like?
They use analytics to help automakers stay efficient, even as powertrain technologies change. They use an MES to manage complexity, especially as production grows or evolves. And they use digital twin technology to simulate production changes before implementation, which can help validate decisions and reduce risk.
Optimising supplier operations
Suppliers can use digital technologies to stay efficient and keep up with their automaker customer needs. Tyre makers, for example, need smarter, more flexible, and lower-cost operations to address challenges like increasing SKU counts and global cost pressures. With analytics, they can uncover opportunities to improve productivity and quality. And using digital twin software, they can improve everything from machine designs, to operator training, to troubleshooting and repairs.
Meanwhile, battery producers can use digital solutions like analytics and MES to improve their understanding of the battery lifecycle, from raw material sourcing to battery performance. This change can be crucial to helping battery producers optimise production processes and battery quality as they strive to deliver billions of watts of energy in the coming years.
With the changes happening in the automotive market and in the world today comes an opportunity for the auto industry to reinvent how it operates. And digitalised operations make this reinvention possible by unleashing new business insights, flexible and automated processes, and better working methods.
Bill Sarver is senior consultant, Global Automotive Industry with Rockwell Automation
To learn more about what’s possible in your business, read our new eBook, “Smart and Flexible Automotive Production.”
You have to calculate whether spending money on robots makes sense over the longevity of the product, especially as the investment is mainly bespoke to a vehicle – Mofid Elkemiri, LEVC